PHP5.3+ Routing Class. Supports REST, dynamic and reversed routing.

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Using AltoRouter Mapping Routes

By now, you should have rewritten al requests to be handled by a single file in which you created an AltoRouter instance.

To map your routes, use the map() method. The following example maps all GET / requests.

$router->map( 'GET', '/', 'render_home', 'home' );

The map() method accepts the following parameters.

$method (string)
This is a pipe-delimited string of the accepted HTTP requests methods.


$route (string)
This is the route pattern to match against. This can be a plain string, one of the predefined regex filters or a custom regex. Custom regexes must start with @.


Route Example Match Variables
/contact/ /contact/
/users/[i:id]/ /users/12/ $id: 12
/[a:c]/[a:a]?/[i:id]? /controller/action/21 $c: "controller", $a: "action", $id: 21

$target (mixed)
As AltoRouter leaves handling routes up to you, this can be anything.

Example using a function callback:
function() { ... }

Example using a controller#action string:

$name (string, optional)
If you want to use reversed routing, specify a name parameter so you can later generate URL's using this route.


Example Mapping

// map homepage using callable
$router->map( 'GET', '/', function() {
    require __DIR__ . '/views/home.php';

// map users details page using controller#action string
$router->map( 'GET', '/users/[i:id]/', 'UserController#showDetails' );

// map contact form handler using function name string
$router->map( 'POST', '/contact/', 'handleContactForm' );

For quickly adding multiple routes, you can use the addRoutes method. This method accepts an array or any kind of traversable.

  array('PATCH','/users/[i:id]', 'users#update', 'update_user'),
  array('DELETE','/users/[i:id]', 'users#delete', 'delete_user')

Match Types

You can use the following limits on your named parameters. AltoRouter will create the correct regexes for you.

*                    // Match all request URIs
[i]                  // Match an integer
[i:id]               // Match an integer as 'id'
[a:action]           // Match alphanumeric characters as 'action'
[h:key]              // Match hexadecimal characters as 'key'
[:action]            // Match anything up to the next / or end of the URI as 'action'
[create|edit:action] // Match either 'create' or 'edit' as 'action'
[*]                  // Catch all (lazy, stops at the next trailing slash)
[*:trailing]         // Catch all as 'trailing' (lazy)
[**:trailing]        // Catch all (possessive - will match the rest of the URI)
.[:format]?          // Match an optional parameter 'format' - a / or . before the block is also optional

The character before the colon (the 'match type') is a shortcut for one of the following regular expressions

'i'  => '[0-9]++'
'a'  => '[0-9A-Za-z]++'
'h'  => '[0-9A-Fa-f]++'
'*'  => '.+?'
'**' => '.++'
''   => '[^/\.]++'

You can register your own match types using the addMatchTypes() method.

$router->addMatchTypes(array('cId' => '[a-zA-Z]{2}[0-9](?:_[0-9]++)?'));

Once your routes are all mapped you can start matching requests and continue processing the request.

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